When the temperatures begin to drop, and the last outdoor tournament has been shot, there becomes a divide of archers into two groups. Many archers change the entire tune/set-up including buying arrows as big around as your thumb, to shoot indoors while others well, don’t change a thing. There is a separate, somewhat more clever, sub-grouping who have a complete “indoor setup” that sits idle most of the outdoor season, which I’ll muse on later…
Why change? For many, the motivation is to shoot the highest score. Not a personal best score, but the highest. The target archery rule on scoring dictates the underlying scheme – if the shaft of an arrow comes to rest across the line dividing two scores, the archer shall have the higher score. Therefore, popular logic is, shooting a fat arrow increases the percentage, the odds, that the archer gets an scoring advantage.
PROVIDED THE ARCHER CAN TUNE THE BOW TO THE ARROW AND SHOOT THE SAME AS S/HE WAS, WITH THE SKINNY ARROW/SETUP. Remember that fat arrows get blown about by the weather elements (wind and rain) much more than skinny arrows – neither of which is a factor at MOST indoor facilities. I have it on good authority that lots of indoor events in Arizona are very breezy, however. (kidding here – Arizona does have nice indoor venues)
There are a *lot* of biases to consider – bias meaning a particular view of “influence” both pro and con:
- Fat arrows at typical USAA events cannot be larger than a 2315 Easton Shaft-there is such as thing as “too fat”.
- Cross winds, as mentioned, have a lot more effect on a fatter, lighter aluminum shaft than on a denser, smaller carbon/aluminum shaft.
- In rain, the arrow drop from bow to target can be more pronounced due to the ratios of shaft mass to raindrop mass.
- Air drag effect is magnified as well for the big shafts, which is less a factor at 18 meters than at 50 or 70 meters.
- The 10 ring of a 40cm target is very small and even if perfectly arranged, the three arrows of the largest legal shaft will barely fit inside.
- The larger the shaft is, the greater the chance of an arrow deflection, and not always in an obvious way. Damaged nocks are a good telltale, but an arrow NOT in the gold might not be due to the archer’s aim.
- Making a change from a skinny to a large involves a huge number of considerations, which is both a good learning experience as well as a set of difficulties which many archers fail to overcome.
- The size of the shaft actually can change the way the string – fingers interact, interfering with a clean sharp release.
- Added cost for different vanes/fletches, arrows, and points.
- Time to tune up both at the beginning of the season and at the end where you change back to outdoor setup.
- You can probably come up with yet another bias beyond these. ?
Point is, what you do matters a lot.
Ask yourself: “why am I shooting indoors?” If you want to make a particular team, it’s important. If you want to just stay strong in your skills until you can once again fling a shaft 70 meters, maybe not so much. If you are in the sport for fun, you might keep a separate bowkit for indoors and glory in shooting a 20 pound bow!
I have to muddy the waters of what up until now has been an “either-or” proposition.
In the mid ‘aughts, around 2003 or 4, at the NAA National Indoors in College Station, I witnessed a truly great coaching moment. A Canadian female cub archer and her father-coach (This will be a topic here, soon) ventured from Quebec down to the warmer Yew Ess south to shoot.
First thing, I realized she was holding for a longggg time. I had seen her shoot at several outdoor events and that was not normally her way. Yet her shot cycle was slow motion from anchor to loose, and I could not understand how she could maintain the hold with what I knew to be 35+ pounds. At that point Denis (the father/national level coach) explained with a bemused smile: ”She is shooting only 20 pounds. (“!” goes I) He said, “For 18 meters, why would anyone shoot more?” (Now, it might have been 24 pounds – I can’t remember for sure). Point was, DUH, she only needed a small weight to accurately break paper at 18 meters, why use twice as much draw weight as what is needed???? light-bulb!
She went on that evening to shoot a FITA WORLD CUB RECORD with her superb form (NOT an NTS form, but that is not relevant here) with a well-tuned bow requiring 1/2 or so of the draw weight needed to complete the shot.
Due to the fallacy of “common sense”, I had to that point presumed that an athlete needed to always spiral upwards in draw weight, never purposely dropping down dramatically, if even only for a couple of months. (not talking about injury & recovery, of which I have more coaching experience than any 5 coaches).
There are several “take-aways” from this for those willing to consider.
A young (adolescent) athlete is undergoing radical evolutions in body – strength, leverages as bone lengths change, hormonal influences are causing super-human changes, balance, emotion, you name it, it’s changing. So what negatives does a coach risk by DROPPING the demand on the muscle groups for a short period, before re-challenging ?
Are you familiar with periodization? HELLO, RON! This became a “DUH” moment for me when I was first introduced to periodization at the Colorado OTC, and I put two and two together. Wow. I don’t know if Denis was practicing periodization on purpose, but he was doing it. Wow. Talk about a wake-up slap to the face!
The more important take-away to me: A coach that forces an archer always to shoot the maximum poundage possible is not using every arrow in his quiver. Can you not for a moment imagine how it feels to go down by 20 or 30 pounds, in a well-tuned system, and still lambast the hell out of the ten ring (in a 40cm target at 18 meters)??? There is mental training of all sorts, and rewarding the archer for a couple of months by allowing a coasting of muscles results in a blossoming of mental strength and positive feedback. Frankly, the coach that ignores positive mental reinforcement isn’t much of a coach.
Hey. Would that not be a great “vacation” mentally during the off-months indoors? Sure, it would likely require the coach to implement a strength re-acquisition program leading into the outdoor season. But I would feel certain that’s NO biggie for a coach to handle (aka: periodization), and for an adolescent athlete, such challenges are part and parcel of leading to super-compensation. Coming away from the winter with a positive attitude of “can-do” is priceless!
If you can afford a library of limbs so that the archer can bump a continuous pound-a-week or so, such a cycle makes great sense. Just sayin…
Thanks, Denis, for teaching me a lesson that took me several years to fully understand.
Oh, by the way….that archer, Marie Pier, did NOT change her arrows from X10s to guppies. In that, I was pretty much always on the same page – elite recurve archers can probably benefit more from the same size arrows year-round and learning to tune into better 18-meter grouping behavior than from switching to shooting logs. The technique of release is highly underappreciated, and staying with one thickness of shaft gives much more benefit than the tenuous-at-best linecutter notions, when the relevant events are all happening outdoors for that athlete as well.
If your goal is only the national indoors, then guppy away. If you aim for the USAT / Jr.USAT / PARA USAT, then you *have* to perform at 70 meters (or 50) and only using carbon/aluminum shafts such as ACEs or X10s will optimize your release. This dictates what you should be shooting indoors! <hint>
So it’s cold outside. Unless you are Aya (see photo), Whut Are Yew Gonna Do ?CalendarGirl
As a coach, you must decide what to do, based on the goals of your athlete. Your goals must be harmonious with your philosophy as a coach, and with your respect for your athlete.
A final thought – For most youth, the winter months are the time of “school”, where academics are weighted more heavily by both the parents and the athlete in the scheme of things compared to the spring/summer months. Taking it easier on the athletic aspect of training during this period could be a smart thing for more reasons than are obvious at first.