Let’s consider aiming at a target.
When the human brain’s optical system is employed, there are specific, well-identified regions of the brain that work in specific groupings – one group of neurons is used to process colors. Another, for shapes. Yet another for Text (shapes with refined meanins). And, these different areas that are interconnected. Your eyes and brain also filter images needed for say, less than 30 seconds. For more than 30 seconds. Different areas….different roles. An incredible number of separate nuclei that are simply refined for special needs – and the plastic brain is ALWAYS building on, creating new, clusters of neurons to match the demands the athlete creates anew.
The frontal cortex has mirror neurons, that very likely is a profound part of consciousness – a real-time facility for learning and data acquisition that replaces “instinctual behavior” to a degree. To learn about mirror neurons, there is no one better at explaining them than Dr. Rama’s TED talk. Any coach interested in teaching needs to understand this critical aspect of human learning. (present as well to a differing degree in other higher primates)
Think of the thinking/learning/action brain and the information-acquisition brain & eyes system as two similar computers that each operate at 1 megahertz. (ok, that’s not all that’s needed to express computing power, but just go with the example for now). So if you combine the two, the net throughput is not 1 + 1 = 2 megahertz. It’s more like, 1.5 megahertz – the speed is less. BUT, the bandwidth, the total data density, is up at (in this crude example) 4 or 5 megahertz!
One picture worth a thousand bytes…so to speak. But the brain can only route & re-route a limited amount of data, and when your brain’s datapipe is processing at a maximum, you can’t deal well with more.
Also, the “action-reaction” portion of the frontal cortex is like the RAM of a computer – It’s a finite, limited, gigabyte of memory “stack”, where it can create a reality of a certain number of items at one time. BUT. When you ask it to take on a new item, your brain readily dumps some item from RAM to deal with the new request. And the item being viewed, sent into the RAM, then goes on to other areas for actions, like shooting an arrow, or aiming a bow (two different things!) Evolutionary pressures dictate that our brain has a switch for what must be retained in these conditions, to hang on to what might be needed “next time” in order to survive.
THIS, this, is why when a student exercises sufficiently to raise the physical body into the “flight or fight” adrenalin level, he will RETAIN what he then learns far better, than if he was sedentary before the learning event. Reasoning is, you might need to retain that event in order to survive
next time. No matter what you are learning, whether it is a chemical formula or a method for an outer foot sweep against your opponent. (or using your lower scapula to achieve that last bit of transfer to get to the true holding of the drawn bow). Read John Ratey’s “Spark” for the reasons why. ALso, I have promoted this subject somewhat into the ground in the past.
I just wanted to seed the ground, err, lay the groundwork, for why it is better some times to practice shooting a bow without requiring the brain to deal with the aiming portion. IN PART, the neuronal path for shooting a bow is different than the neuronal path used for aiming an arrow. So if you separate the two, and only imprint one path, the notion is that you get more intensity on that path, and you can bring to bear on the activity MORE brainpower! Dis-engaging the very big neuronal pathways tieing the eyes’ inputs to the brain’s refined/precision action clusters allows the focus to be on the muscle sensorium instead. If you don’t care about what you hit, you can care more (sensate more) about how your body functions.
If you have some kind of cross-wired complication that is preventing you from succeeding in both shooting and aiming such as hesitation or “shot-choke”, then doing just the shooting allows you the chance to improve muscle-memory pathways to have a more dominant role in the shot cycle.
Blank Bale practice should be performed at a close-enough distance that missing the bale is not a factor. So it will vary based on the ability of the archer.
There should not be a typical target on the bale. There should not be any colors that resemble the FITA target, nor any geometry beyond the Whitetail replaceable core. IF THE ARCHER is really struggling, placing either white butcher paper or a heavy paper 122cm target reversed on the bale may be called for to eliminate even the 2-foot large circle on the whitetail or Stanley Hipps targets.
If you have ever practiced looking at “Magic Eye” images then you know how you should tell your athlete to control the eyes during blank bale (BB from here on out during this article). When you try it first, you should de-focus your eyes, and instead turn awareness inward to other elements of sensations, such as muscle strength, bone alignment and positioning, for example. The archer simply shoots arrows towards the bale with no intent of aiming. With a little practice, the athlete will learn a meditative means to the exercise, which is to be encouraged. It is critical that all elements of the NTS (other than the aiming) be diligently practiced by the athlete and enforced by the coach.
This is superb for warming up. The archer must be taught that there is *nothing* about blank bale to be judged, other than the arrow must leave the bow and hit the foam (anywhere).
This is where the most important thing the coach can do, is insure form is retained, and most especially, ask, “How did that feel” ? Promote awareness in the athlete about the link between how the motion feels and the efforts expended. The athlete MUST judge the shot’s feeling, not the arrow’s position. Coach, look for the sudden smile that will appear when she “gets it”.
Now for BBB: BLIND Blank Bale. Just as the athlete gains enhanced tactile knowledge from the BB, the more advanced archer will be able to continue the learning path ever upwards by closing her eyes during the shot cycle. At first, closing eyes during transfer until after follow through. As confidence grows, instruct the athlete to move earlier in the cycle with the closing of eyes. Do not move so early that the archer cannot stay near “on-center” with the arrow! This is a gradual process.
As the archer becomes more adept, you can move him back further from the bale so that the sound of impact is separate from the sound of the bow at release, carefully and gradually. The intent is to hone the body image, the muscle control, and the mental confidence and to more closely resemble audibly the real-life shot cycle. But you must not allow a single miss to happen. Remember, this is a confidence builder, not a show-off opportunity.
Also, taking a cue from the coaches at the OTC, putting the bale’s stand up on stilts allows the athlete to retain the same posture for up-close BB shooting as if for shooting out to 70 meters (for example).
I have found it useful to have the athlete “shuffle” the stance between arrows, so that there is a minute change from side to side to reduce nock damage (You do use pin nocks, so that “robin-hooding” is impossible, right?!?)…. Do not allow the archer to AIM at the previous arrows!
The absence of the target allows a portion of the brain to be left out of the shot cycle, but in a good way. In particular this can be excellent for someone with a choke syndrome, but any archer can and will benefit from BB exercises if you coach them correctly.
BBB and BB are both very useful exercises – the coach must decide just how much of either is useful to the training of the athlete.
And, I rush to say, coaching the athlete to purposeful aiming is incredibly important as well – string position, alignment, pitch/yaw/roll of the cranium (head<G>), these things must not be left to chance either. Just not harped upon, strictly enforced, ALL the time.
BB and BBB are surprisingly effective exercises when done correctly.